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Motricidade

versão impressa ISSN 1646-107X

Motri. v.4 n.4 Santa Maria da Feira dez. 2008

 

O treino da flexibilidade muscular e o aumento da amplitude de movimento: uma revisão crítica da literatura

 

Luís Filipe dos Santos Coelho

 

Fisioterapeuta e Professor de Pilates do Consultório e Clínica de Reabilitação, Lda. – Lisboa

 

 

RESUMO

O treino da flexibilidade muscular põe em evidência uma série de princípios neurofisiológicos e um conjunto intrincado de propriedades musculares e visco-elásticas. São diversos os métodos de estiramento realizados nos contextos clínico e desportivo. Apesar da sua utilização ser comum, não é usual os profissionais de saúde e educação reflectirem sobre as componentes e eficácia dos diversos métodos de estiramento. Neste artigo, realizamos uma revisão crítica dos diversos métodos utilizados no treino de flexibilidade, assim como dos princípios e parâmetros que com eles se relacionam. Daremos especial ênfase aos princípios em que se baseia a facilitação neuromuscular proprioceptiva e os diversos métodos de relaxamento local, como o aquecimento. Para além disso, teremos em conta os dados reveladores relativos ao paradoxo do Coeficiente de elasticidade, os quais podem ajudar a conceber uma filosofia de intervenção do treino de flexibilidade divergente relativamente ao que classicamente tem sido defendido e efectivado.

Palavras-Chave: Estiramento passivo, Estiramento activo, Facilitação Neuromuscular Proprioceptiva, Aquecimento, Coeficiente de elasticidade.

 

 

The muscular flexibility training and the range of movement improvement: a critical literature review

ABSTRACT

The muscular flexibility training put in evidence a train of neurophysiological principals and an intricate amount of muscular and viscous-elastic properties. There are a lot of stretching methods, used on the clinical and sport contexts. Despite its common utilization, it isn’t usual the health and educational professionals reflect about the compounds and efficacy of the diverse stretching methods. In this article, we realize a critical review about the diverse methods used on the flexibility training, as the principles and parameters related with that. We will done special emphasis to the principles of the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation and the diverse local relaxation methods, like warming. We will also have in count the revealing data relating to the Elasticity Coefficient paradox, witch can help to conceive an intervention philosophy of the flexibility training different from what it have being defended and practiced.

Key-words: Passive stretching, Active stretching, Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation, Warming, Elasticity Coefficient.  

 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text only available in PDF format.

 

 

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Data de submissão: Julho 2006

Data de Aceite: Maio 2007

 

 

Correspondência:

Luís Filipe dos Santos Coelho

Av. Coronel Eduardo Galhardo, n.º 28, 5º dto,

1170-105 Lisboa - Portugal

Contacto: 963304478

e-mail: coelholewis@gmail.com

 

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