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Revista Portuguesa de Ciências do Desporto

versão impressa ISSN 1645-0523

Rev. Port. Cien. Desp. v.5 n.2 Porto maio 2005

 

A vantagem em casa nos jogos desportivos colectivos: revisão da literatura centrada no Basquetebol e no modelo de Courneya e Carron.

 

Jaime Sampaio1*

Manuel Janeira2

 

1Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Departamento de Desporto, Portugal.

2 Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Ciências do Desporto e Educação Física, Portugal.

 

 

RESUMO

A vantagem em casa é um dos factores que mais influencia o desfecho final dos jogos de Basquetebol. Neste trabalho, são identificadas e discutidas questões inerentes às teorias (territorialidade, facilitação social e percepção do apoio social) e aos factores (público, familiaridade com as instalações e viagens) que mais contribuem para este fenómeno. Adicionalmente, apresentam-se os trabalhos disponíveis que estudam os estados psicológicos e comportamentais dos intervenientes no jogo (jogadores, treinadores e árbitros) que surgem, essencialmente, a partir da percepção da vantagem em casa. É dada especial atenção ao conjunto de estatísticas do jogo de Basquetebol que mais distingue a performance das equipas quando jogam em casa, relativamente aos jogos fora. A literatura consultada revelou-nos que a produção científica neste domínio da avaliação da performance das equipas no jogo tem sido frequente. No entanto, apesar de se terem identificado metodologias de análise similares, as estatísticas do jogo, presumivelmente responsáveis pela vantagem em casa, diferem substancialmente em função do contexto particular de cada amostra.

 

Palavras-chave: vantagem em casa, basquetebol, estatísticas.

 

 

ABSTRACT

Home advantage in team sports: a review on Basketball according to the model of Courneya and Carron.

Home advantage is one of the most determinant factors in basketball games final outcome. In this review, we identify and discuss questions gathering the theories (territoriality, social facilitation and perceived social support) and game location factors (crowd, facility familiarity and travel effects) that seem to explain home advantage. Additionally, we present the available literature regarding critical psychological and behavioral states in game intervenients (players, coaches and referees) originated by home advantage perception. Our focus is mainly on basketball game statistics that differentiate teams’ performance in home and away games. Despite the available quantity, research is not consensual and suggests that these statistics depend upon the context of each analysed sample.

 

Key Words: home advantage, basketball, statistics.

 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text only in PDF format.

 

 

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CORRESPONDÊNCIA

*Jaime Sampaio

Departamento de Desporto

Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro

Apartado 1013

5000-911  Vila Real

PORTUGAL

ajaime@utad.pt