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Revista Portuguesa de Ciências do Desporto

versão impressa ISSN 1645-0523

Rev. Port. Cien. Desp. v.5 n.2 Porto maio 2005

 

O efeito do treinamento contra resistência na síndrome da dor lombar.

 

Denílson da Costa1*

Alexandre Palma2

 

1- Universidade Estácio de Sá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

2- Universidade Estácio de Sá e Universidade Gama Filho, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

 

RESUMO

A dor lombar atinge cerca de 80% da população adulta, gerando um custo anual de milhões de dólares. Embora a etiologia nem sempre seja clara, excetuando algumas patologias bem definidas, a hipotrofia das fibras do tipo I e II, no multífido e eretores da coluna parece estar sempre presente. A resistência de alguns terapeutas em recomendar o exercício como prevenção e reabilitação, perpetua um quadro de descondicionamento crônico, onde toda atividade física passa a ser evitada, gerando conseqüências socioeconômicas graves para esses pacientes. O objetivo dessa revisão foi demonstrar que o treinamento contra resistência, na reabilitação da dor lombar crônica, possui efeito clinicamente testado; ao contrário de algumas modalidades passivas de reabilitação, sobretudo no que diz respeito ao trabalho isolado dos extensores da coluna.

Palavras-chave: dor lombar, treinamento contra resistência, extensores da coluna, multífido.

 

ABSTRACT

Effect of resistance training on low back pain syndrome.

Low back pain afflicts about 80% of the adult population, resulting in an annual cost of millions of dollars. Although its causes are not generally clear, except for a few well defined diseases, atrophy of fiber types I and II of the multifidus and erector spinae muscles seems to be usually present. Reluctancy of some therapists to recommend exercise as a form of prevention and rehabilitation of low back pain perpetuates a state of chronic de-conditioning, where any physical activity is avoided, leading to serious socio-economic consequences to these patients. The purpose of this review was to show that resistance training in the rehabilitation of chronic low back pain has a clinically tested effect, as opposed to some passive modalities of rehabilitation, especially in respect to isolated training of the back extensor muscles.

Key Words: low back pain, resistance training, multifidus, erector spinae.

 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

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CORRESPONDÊNCIA

* Alexandre Palma

Rua José Veríssimo, 14/101

Méier, Rio de Janeiro, RJ

20.720-180  BRASIL

alexandrepalma@domain.com.br