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Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

versão impressa ISSN 1645-0086

Psic., Saúde & Doenças v.9 n.1 Lisboa  2008

 

Qualidade de vida e ajustamento psicossocial da mulher com cancro da mama: do diagnóstico à sobrevivência

 

Helena Moreira*, Sónia Silva & Maria Cristina Canavarro

1Hospital da CUF, Lisboa

Faculdade de Psicologia e Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

 

RESUMO: O presente estudo tem como objectivo conhecer a Qualidade de Vida (QdV) e o ajustamento psicossocial das mulheres com cancro da mama que se encontram em duas fases distintas da doença: a fase de diagnóstico e a fase de sobrevivência. Participaram no estudo 56 mulheres sem história de doença oncológica pertencentes à população geral, 32 mulheres recentemente diagnosticadas com cancro da mama e 58 sobreviventes de cancro da mama. Foram utilizados os seguintes instrumentos de avaliação: o WHOQOL-Bref, a HADS e uma ficha de dados clínicos e sociodemográficos. As mulheres recentemente diagnosticadas com cancro da mama apresentaramse mais ansiosas e exibiram os piores resultados no domínio físico e na faceta geral da QdV. A maioria das sobreviventes apresentou níveis normativos de ansiedade e de depressão e uma boa QdV, não se distinguindo da população geral em nenhum domínio da mesma.

Palavraschave: Cancro da mama, Qualidade de vida, Ajustamento psicossocial, Diagnóstico, Sobrevivência.

 

Quality of life and psychosocial adjustment of women with breast cancer: from diagnosis to survival

ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to know the Quality of Life (QoL) and psychosocial adjustment of the women with breast cancer who are in two different phases of the disease: the stage of diagnosis and the stage of survival. In this research participated 56 women with no history of cancer disease belonging to the general population, 32 women recently diagnosed with breast cancer and 58 breast cancer survivors. The instruments used were the WHOQOL-Bref, the HADS and a form of clinical and sociodemographic data. The recently diagnosed women were more anxious and exhibited the worst record in the general facet and physical domain of QoL. The majority of breast cancer survivors presented normative levels of anxiety and depression and a good QoL that does not distinguish from general population in any domain of it.

Key words: Breast cancer, Quality of life, Psychosocial adjustment, Diagnosis, Survival.

 

 

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Recebido em 29 de Abril de 2008 / aceite em 15 de Maio de 2008

 

* Contactar para Email: helena.tcmoreira@gmail.com