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Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

versão impressa ISSN 1645-0086

Psic., Saúde & Doenças v.7 n.2 Lisboa  2006

 

Estudo de ideação suicida em adolescentes de 13 e 19 anos

Vivian Roxo Borges*1 & Blanca Susana Guevara Werlang2

1 Universidade Regional Integrada do Alto Uruguai e das Missões URI Campus de Erechim/RS, Brasil; Instituição Educacional São Judas Tadeu, Porto Alegre/RS, Brasil

2 Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul – PUCRS, Porto Alegre/RS, Brasil

 

 

Resumo: Verificar a presença de ideação suicida em adolescentes da população geral foi o objetivo deste estudo. Para tanto, realizou-se a pesquisa com 730 adolescentes com idades entre 13 e 19 anos, das cidades de Porto Alegre/RS e Erechim/RS, Brasil. Os adolescentes eram do sexo feminino (57,3%) e masculino (42,7%) e estudavam em escolas públicas e particulares das cidades estudadas. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: uma ficha de dados sóciodemográficos, a Escala de Ideação Suicida de Beck (BSI) e o Inventário de Depressão de Beck (BDI). A coleta dos dados foi realizada nas escolas estudadas. Dos 730 adolescentes pesquisados, 253 (34,7%) apresentaram ideação suicida, ou seja, um pouco mais de um terço da amostra. Destes, 176 (69,6%) eram do sexo feminino. O estudo também constatou que existe uma associação significativa (p<0,001) entre depressão e a presença de ideação suicida. Das variáveis estudadas, a depressão e o sexo feminino foram as mais associadas à presença de ideação suicida.

Palavras chave: Adolescência, Depressão, Ideação suicida.

 

Study on suicide ideation among adolescents from 13-19 years old

Abstract: Assessing suicide ideation among adolescents in general population was the goal of this study. The research included 730 youngsters between 13 and 19 years old, from Porto Alegre and Erechim towns, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. Individuals were female (57.3%) and male (42.7%) youngsters attending public and private schools within the studied towns. Instruments used included a sociodemographic data sheet, Beck’s Scale of Suicide Ideation (BSI) and Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI). Data were surveyed in the studied schools. Out of the 730 adolescents surveyed, 253 (34.7%) have shown suicide ideation, i.e., more than one third of the sample, 176 (69.6%) being female. The research has also found a significant association (p<0,001) between depression and suicide ideation. Among the studied variables, depression and female gender were those more associated to suicide ideation.

Key words: Adolescence, Depression, Suicide ideation.

 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text only available in PDF format.

 

 

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* Contactar para E-mail: viviborg@terra.com.br

Recebido em 3 de Abril de 2006 / aceite em 15 de Setembro de 2006