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Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

Print version ISSN 1645-0086

Psic., Saúde & Doenças vol.1 no.1 Lisboa Nov. 2000


Ajustamento emocional, afectividade e estratégias de coping na doença do foro oncológico

Maria Alexandra Soares2, Maria de Jesus Moura1, Marina Carvalho2, & Américo Baptista2

1Instituto Português de Oncologia

2Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologia


Resumo: As relações entre o ajustamento emocional, as estratégias de coping, a afectividade e a percepção da doença foram avaliadas numa amostra de 40indivíduos (20 homens e 20 mulheres) com doença do foro oncológico. Os resultados obtidos mostraram a existência de diferenças entre os sexos relativamente às dimensões do ajustamento emocional referentes à depressão e às obsessões-compulsões, às estratégias de coping que se referiam à manutenção de actividades e independência e à regulação afectiva e aos aspectos da percepção da doença que se relacionavam com a identidade da mesma. O ajustamento emocional, as estratégias de coping, a afectividade e a percepção da doença mostraram estar associadas de modo teoricamente esperado, mostrando a importância dos factores psicológicos no ajustamento à doença oncológica.

Palavras chave: Ajustamento emocional, Coping, Afectividade, Percepção da doença, Doença do foro oncológico.



Emotional adjustment, affectivity and coping in cancer patients

Abstract: The relationships between emotional adjustment, coping, affectivity and illness perception were studied in 40 cancer patients (20 men and 20women). The results showed the existence of statistically significant differences for coping strategies referring to activities maintenance and independence and affective regulation and for the dimensions of illness perception related to illness identity. Emotional adjustment, coping strategies, affectivity and illness perception were associated according to the theoretical models, showing the role of psychological factors in the adjustment to cancer disease.

Key-words: Emotional adjustment, Coping, Affect, Illness perception, Cancer.



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