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Psicologia

versão impressa ISSN 0874-2049

Psicologia v.19 n.1-2 Lisboa  2005

 

Inteligência emocional: Contributos adicionais para a validação de um instrumento de medida[1] e [2]

 

Arménio Rego[3] Cláudia Fernandes[4]

 

Resumo: O artigo faculta evidência empírica adicional para a validação de um instrumento de medida da Inteligência Emocional sugerido por Rego e Fernandes (no prelo). Os indivíduos da primeira amostra foram convidados a responder ao questionário sugerido por esses investigadores e a declarar os seus níveis de saúde­‑doença física. Os indivíduos da segunda amostra, após reportarem os seus níveis de IE, foram convidados a declarar o grau de satisfação com a vida. Os resultados sugerem uma estrutura hexa­factorial da IE: (1) compreensão das emoções próprias; (2) auto­controlo perante as críticas; (3) auto­‑encorajamento (uso das emoções); (4) auto­controlo emocional; (5) empatia; (6) compreensão das emoções dos outros. Estas seis dimensões explicam 14% da variância da medida de saúde física e 26% da variância da satisfação com a vida. Embora similar à extraída por Rego e Fernandes, a dimensionalização aqui obtida denota algumas vantagens relativamente a ela. Designadamente, os conteúdos semânticos dos itens relativos a cada factor são agora mais claros e congruentes com a denominação dos factores.

Palavras­‑chave: inteligência emocional, saúde­‑doença física, satisfação com a vida.

 

Emotional intelligence: Further contributions for validating a measurement instrument

Abstract: The paper provides further empirical evidence for validating the instrument for measuring Emotional Intelligence suggested by Rego and Fernandes. The individuals of the first sample were invited to answer to the questionnaire suggested by those researchers and to report their physical health. The individuals of the second sample, after describing their IE, were invited to report their satisfaction with life. The findings suggest a six­‑factor model: (1) understanding of emotions in self; (2) self­‑control before criticisms; (3) self­‑encouragement; (4) emotional self­‑control; (5) empathy; (6) understanding of emotions in others. These dimensions explain 14% of the variance of physical health and 26% of the variance of the satisfaction with life. Although this dimensional structure is similar to the one extracted by Rego and Fernandes, it has some advantages. For example, the semantic contents of the items comprised in each factor are now closer to the meaning of each dimension.

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text only available in PDF format.

 

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[1]  Este trabalho foi desenvolvido à luz do Projecto de Investigação POCTI/CED/ 40265/2001 – “Comportamentos de Cidadania Docente de Professores Universitários”, financiado pela Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia e comparticipado pelo fundo comunitário FEDER.

[2]  Estamos muito gratos aos revisores anónimos pelos seus preciosos comentários e sugestões.

[3]  Universidade de Aveiro, Departamento de Economia, Engenharia e Gestão Industrial. E‑mail: Arego@egi.ua.pt

[4]  Universidade de Aveiro, Departamento de Economia, Engenharia e Gestão Industrial. E‑mail: cfernandes@egi.ua.pt