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Portugaliae Electrochimica Acta

versão impressa ISSN 0872-1904

Port. Electrochim. Acta v.27 n.3 Coimbra  2009

 

Preparation of PtRu/C Electrocatalysts by Hydrothermal Carbonization Process for Methanol Electro-oxidation

 

M. M. Tusi, M. Brandalise, O. V. Correa, A. O. Neto, M. Linardi, E. V. Spinacé*

 

Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares – IPEN/CNEN-SP,Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 2422, Cidade Universitária, 05508-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

 

Received 25 April 2008; accepted 22 October 2009

 

Abstract

PtRu/C electrocatalysts were prepared by hydrothermal carbonization process using starch as carbon sources and reducing agents and platinum and ruthenium salts as catalysts of carbonization process and metals source. pH of the reaction medium was adjusted using KOH or TPAOH (tetrapropylammonium hydroxide). The obtained PtRu/C electrocatalysts were characterized by SEM/EDX, TGA, XRD and cyclic voltammetry. The electro-oxidation of methanol was studied by cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. The PtRu/C electrocatalyst prepared using TPAOH was more active for methanol electro-oxidation than the material prepared with KOH.

Keywords: starch, hydrothermal carbonization, PtRu/C electrocatalyst, methanol, fuel cell.

 

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* Corresponding author. E-mail address: espinace@ipen.br

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