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Portugaliae Electrochimica Acta

versão impressa ISSN 0872-1904

Port. Electrochim. Acta v.26 n.2 Coimbra  2008

 

Effects of Magnesium Sulfate Attack on Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) Mortars

 

M. M. Amin1,*, S. B. Jamaludin1, F. C. Pa1, K. K. Chuen2

 

1School of Materials Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis, Complex Taman Muhibah UniMAP, 02600 Jejawi,  Perlis, Malaysia

2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, University Malaysia Terengganu,  Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia

 

Received 23 May 2007; accepted 8 October 2007

 

Abstract

The chemical and mineralogical compositions in Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) were determined and cement which is low of C3A is more easily exposed to sulfate environment. The relation between physical strength of mortars sized 150 ´ 150 ´ 150 mm and the effects of different concentrations of sulfate solutions, SO42- (1%, 3% and 5%) for 3, 14 and 28 days was found to be that stronger the sulphate concentrations, the greater the sulfate attack, but in a weaker concentration situation, the attack was more efficient as the comparable damaged being achieved with smaller amount of sulphate. The morphological studies were observed under scanning electron microscope (SEM) and  the distribution of the main component, including Mg2+ and SO42- ions, was analysed  by Energy Dispersive X-Ray Analyzer (EDS) to observe the cracks and reactions.

Keywords: Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC), magnesium sulfate, sulfate attack, SEM.

 

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References

1. J. Marchand, E. Samson, Y. Maltais, J.J. Beaudoin. Cement and Concrete Composites 24 (2002) 317-329.        [ Links ]

2. E.E. Hekal, E. Kishar, H. Mostafa. Cement and Concrete Research 32 (2004) 1421-1427.

3. A.M. Neville, Properties of Concrete, 4th ed., Longman Group Limited, London, 1995.

4. S.M. Torres, J.H. Sharp, R.N. Swamy, C.J. Lynsdale, S.A. Huntley. Cement and Concrete 25 (2003) 947-954.

5. M. Santhanam, M.D. Cohen, J. Olek,  Mechanism of sulfate attack: A fresh look. Part 1: Summary of experimental results, West Lafayette, U.S.A., Cement and Concrete Research 32 (2002) 915-921.

6. R.S. Gollop, H.F.W. Taylor. Cement and Concrete Research   26 (1996) 1013-1028.

7. H. Biricik, F. Akoz, F. Turker,  I.  Berktay. Cement and Concrete Research 30 (2000) 1189-1197.

 

* Corresponding author. E-mail address: mmamin@unimap.edu.myamin_56@yahoo.com

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