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Revista Portuguesa de Educação

versão impressa ISSN 0871-9187

Rev. Port. de Educação v.24 n.1 Braga  2011

 

Desenvolvimento motor e sucesso académico. Que relação em crianças e jovens?

 

João Paulo Saraiva* e Luís Paulo Rodrigues**

*Universidade do Minho, Portugal

**Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Portugal

 

Resumo

A adopção de uma perspectiva holística do desenvolvimento obriga-nos a equacionar a relação entre vários elementos do desenvolvimento pessoal. Entre os mais relevantes destacam-se (1) o sucesso no desenvolvimento motor das crianças e jovens, pela sua relação com a saúde e a definição de estilos de vida saudáveis; e (2) o sucesso ou realização académica, pela sua valorização social, pela importância na determinação da vida pessoal (carreira), e pela presença constante em todos os momentos que antecedem a vida adulta. O presente trabalho constitui uma revisão da literatura existente sobre as relações existentes entre os factores associados ao desenvolvimento motor — nomeadamente a aptidão física, morfológica, coordenativa e a actividade física — e o sucesso académico de crianças e jovens, revisitados numa perspectiva holística.

Palavras-chave: Sucesso académico; Desenvolvimento motor; Crianças; Adolescentes

 

Motor development and academic achievement. Is there a relationship in children and youngsters?

Abstract

A holistic perspective of the human development needs to look for every element responsible for the individual success. Surely between those, motor development for its relation with healthy lifestyles, and academic achievement due to its social relevance, constitute two major determinants of future success in life. The aim to this article was to review the major contributions found in the scientific literature of the last decade that can help us to better understand the possible relationship between motor development success and academic achievement in children and adolescents.

Keywords: Motor development; Academic achievement; Children; Adolescents

 

Développement moteur et succès académique. Est ce qu’il y a une relation entre des enfants et des jeunes?

Résumé

L’adoption d’une perspective holistique du développement nous oblige à revoir la relation entre les éléments du développement personnel en herbe. Nous détacherons les plus saillants: 1) le succès du développement moteur des enfants et des jeunes, en rapport à la santé et à la définition de modes de vie d’épanouissement; 2) la réussite académique, par sa valorisation sociale, par l’importance de la détermination personnelle au niveau des choix de carrière à venir, et par sa présence constante aux moments qui précèdent la vie adulte. Le présent travail constitue une révision de la littérature sur les relations existantes entre les facteurs associés au développement moteur — notamment l’aptitude physique, morphologique, coordinatrice et l’activité physique — et la réussite académique des enfants et des jeunes, revisitée sous une perspective holistique.

Mots-clé: Succès académique; Développement moteur; Enfants; Jeunes

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text only available in PDF format.

 

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Recebido em Setembro/2009

Aceite para publicação em Outubro/2010