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Análise Psicológica

versão impressa ISSN 0870-8231

Aná. Psicológica v.25 n.4 Lisboa out. 2007


Promover a mudança em personalidades anti-sociais: Punir, tratar e controlar


Rui Abrunhosa Gonçalves (*)



O presente texto procurará analisar as várias questões que têm sido suscitadas pela intervenção em personalidades anti-sociais e psicopatas, acentuando os problemas metodológicos encontrados em muitos estudos, que têm contribuído para o insucesso das mesmas, pondo em causa a necessidade da sua implementação. Apresentam-se assim várias sugestões, que não só procuram ultrapassar os obstáculos anteriormente evidenciados como também relançam o debate entre a intervenção dita “consensualista” e a intervenção coerciva. Por último, avançaremos um modelo de intervenção moldável a vários tipos de delinquentes, que parte de uma estrutura dinâmica caracterizada por três vectores: Punir, tratar e controlar.

Palavras-chave: Intervenção, ofensores, punir, tratar, controlar, personalidades anti-sociais, psicopatas.



In this paper the author analyses the various issues regarding the treatment and intervention on antisocial personalities and psychopaths, emphasizing those related with methodological problems, which were responsible for many failures compromising future implementations. Several suggestions are made, not only to overcome the obstacles found but also promoting the debate between a more consensual approach on offenders’ treatment versus a more coercive one. Finally, based on risk assessment and suitability for treatment, a model of intervention is outlined, considering three dimensions: punishing, treating and controlling.

Key words: Intervention, offenders, controlling, treating, antisocial personality punishing, psychopaths.



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(*) Instituto de Educação e Psicologia da Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal. E-mail:


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