SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.16 issue3Interrupção voluntária da gravidez e distúrbio pós-traumático de stressAtitudes de Técnicos de Saúde e Interrupção Voluntária da Gravidez author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Análise Psicológica

Print version ISSN 0870-8231

Aná. Psicológica vol.16 no.3 Lisboa Sept. 1998


Eu sou, tu és, ele era...

Auto-conceito e Interrupção Voluntária da Gravidez


Ana Noya (*)

Isabel Pereira Leal (**)




Neste artigo relata-se uma investigação que tem como objectivo analisar os níveis de auto-conceito em mulheres que por uma, ou mais vezes, recorreram à Interrupção Voluntária de Gravidez.

Palavras-chave: Aborto, gravidez, auto-conceito.




This paper reports an analysis of levels of self-concept in women who had one or more induced abortions.

Key words: Abortion, pregnancy, self-concept.



Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text only available in PDF format.




Adler, N. E. (1975). Emotional responses of women following therapeutic abortion. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 45 (3), 446-454.         [ Links ]

Adler, N. E. (1979). Abortion: A social psychological perspective. Journal of Social Issues, 35 (1), 100-119.

Adler, N. E. (1992). Unwanted pregnancy and abortion: Definitional and research issues. Journal of Social Issues, 48 (3), 19-35.

Adler, N. E., David, H. P., Major, B. N., Roth, S. N., Russo, N. F., & Wyatt, G. E. (1990). Psychological responses after abortion. Science, 248, 41-44.

Armsworth, M. W. (1991). Psychological response to abortion. Journal of Counseling & Developement, 69, 377-379.

Ashton, J. R. (1980). Components of delay amongst obtaining termination of pregnancy. Journal of Biosocial Science, 12, 261-273.

Baluk, U., & O`Neill, P. (1980). Health professio-nals`perceptions of the psychological consequences of abortion. American Journal of Community Psychology, 8, 67-75.

Beauvoir, S. (1975). O Segundo Sexo: Vol. I. Os factos e os mitos (4.ª ed.). Lisboa: Livraria Bertrand (Obra original publicada em 1949).

Beauvoir, S. (1976). O Segundo Sexo: Vol. II. A experiência vivida (2.ª ed.). Lisboa: Livraria Bertrand (Obra original publicada em 1949).

Bello, P., Dolto, C., & Schiffmann, A. (1984). Contracepção, gravidez e aborto. Lisboa: Publicações Dom Quixote.

Bibring, G. (1959). Some considerations of psychological process in pregnancy. Pychoanalytic Study of Child, 14, 113-121.

Bibring, G. L., Dwyer, T. F., Huntington, D. S., & Valenstein, A. F. (1961). A study of the psychologial process of pregnancy and of the earliest mother-child relation ship. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 16, 9-24.

Binder, J., & Krohn, A. (1974). Sexual acting out as an abortive mourning process in female adolescent inpatients. Psychiatric Quarterly, 48, 193-208.

Birmingham, L. (1993). Grief over abortion. Globe and Mail, 14 Set.

Bracken, M. (1978). A causal model of psychosomatic reactions to vacuum aspiration abortion. Social Psychiatry, 13, 135-145.

Bracken, M., Hachamovitch, M., & Grossman, G. (1974). The dicision to abort and psychological sequelae. Nervous and Mental Disease, 158, 154-162.

Bracken, M. B., & Kasl, S. V. (1975). Delay in seeking induced abortion: A review and theoretical analysis. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 121, 1008-1019.

Bracken, M. B., & Swigar, M. E. (1972). Factors associated with delay in seeking induced abortions. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 113, 301-302.

Brazelton, T., & Cramer, B. (1989). A relação mais precoce: Os pais, os bebés e a interacção precoce. Lisboa: Terramar.

Breen, D. (1981). Talking with mothers: About pregnancy childbirth and early motherhood. London: Jill Norman Ltd.

Burns, R. B. (1986). The self-concept. London and New York: Longman.

Cancelmo, J. A., Hart, B., Herman, J. L., Rashbaum, W. K., & Stein, J. L. (1992). Psychodynamic aspects of delayed abortion decisions. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 65, 333-345.

Caplan, G. (1970). Theories of social casework: Crisis intervention as a mode of brief treatment. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Cates, W., & Grimes, D. A. (1981). Deaths from second trimester abortion by dilatation and evacuation: Causes, prevention, facilities. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 58, 401-408.

Cohen, L., & Roth, S. (1984). Coping with abortion. Journal of Human Stress, 10 (3), 140-145.

Colman, L. L., & Colman, A. D. (1994). Gravidez: A experiência psicológica. Lisboa: Edições Colibri. (Obra original publicada em 1991).

Condon, J. T. (1987). Altered cognitive functioning in pregnant women: A shift toward primary process thinking. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 60, 329-334.

Cozzarelli, C. (1993). Personality and self-efficacy as predictors of coping with abortion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65 (6), 1224-1236.

Cozzarelli, C., & Major, B. (1994). The effects of antiabortion demonstrators and pro-choice escorts on women`s psychological responses to abortion. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 13 (4), 404-427.

Cunhal, A. (1997). O aborto: Causas e soluções. Porto: Campo das Letras - Editores, S.A.

David, H., Rasmussen, N., & Holst, E. (1981). Pospartum and postabortion psychotic reactions. Family Planning Perspectives, 13 (2), 88-93.

Demo, D. H. (1985). The measurement of self-esteem: Refining our methods. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 1490-1502.

Devereux, G. (1976). A study of abortion in primitive societies. New York: Universities Press, Inc.

Dorr, D., Pozner, R., & Stephens, J. (1985). Relationship of trait anxiety to self-esteem of children in grades 4, 5 and 6. Psychological Reports, 57, 467-473.

Erickson, C. R. (1993). Abortion trauma: Application of a conflict model. Pre and Perinatal Journal, 8, 33-42.

Fielding, W. L., Sachtleben, M. R., Friedman, L. M., & Friedman, E. A. (1978). Comparison of women seeking early and late abortion. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 131, 304-310.

Gecas, V. (1982). The self-concept. Ann. Rev. Sociology, 8, 1-33.

Gillman, R. D. (1973). The dreams of pregnant women and maternal adaptation. London: Raven Press.

Hobfall, S. E., & Leiberman, J. R. (1987). Personality and social resources in immediate and continued stress resistence among women. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 18-26.

Jarrahi-Zadeh, A., Kane, F. J., Van De Castle, R. L., Lachenbruch, P. A., & Ewing, J. A. (1969). Emotional and cognitive changes in pregnancy and early puerperium. British Journal of Psychiatry, 115, 797-805.

Jorge, S. C. (1997). Princípios éticos e biológicos para o enquadramento da interrupção não punível da gravidez. Porto: Ed. Medisa.

Justo, J. (1990). Gravidez e mecanismos de defesa: Um estudo introdutório. Análise Psicológica, 8 (4), 371-376.

Kumar, R. (1990). Motherhood and mental illness. London: Academic Press.

Kumar, R., Brandt, H. A., & Robson K. M. (1981). Childbearing and maternal sexuality: A prospective study of 119 primiparae. Journal of Psychossomatic Medicine Research, 25, 373-383.

Lazarus, R. S. (1996). Psychological stress and the coping process. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Leal, I. (1990). Nota de abertura. Análise Psicológica, 8 (4), 365-366.

Leff, J. R. (1997). Gravidez: A história interior. Porto Alegre: Artes Médicas. (Obra original publicada em 1993).

Lima, M. P. (Ed.) (1997). NEO-PI-R: Contextos teóricos e psicométricos. «Ocean» ou «Iceberg»? Dissertação de Doutoramento, Faculdade de Psicologia e Ciências da Educação de Coimbra, Coimbra.

Major, B., Mueller, P., & Hildebrandt, K. (1985). Attributions, expectations and coping with abortion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 585-599.

McLaren, A. (1997). História da contracepção: Da antiguidade à actualidade. Lisboa: Terramar (Obra original publicada em 1990).

Miller, W. B. (1992). An empirical study of the psychological antecedents and consequences of induced abortion. Journal of Social Issues, 48 (3), 67-93.

Ministério do trabalho - Núcleo de estudo de profissões da direcção de serviços de emprego (1980). Classificação Nacional de Profissões. Lisboa: SICT

Parker, R. (1995). Torn in two: The experience of maternal ambivalence. London: Virago

Payne, E. C., Klavitz, A. R., Notman, M. T., & Anderson, J. V. (1976). Out come following therapeutic abortion. Archives of General Psychiatric, 33, 725-733.

Pines, D. (1972). Pregnancy and motherhood: Interaction between fantasy and reality. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 45, 333-343.

Pines, D. (1990). Pregnancy, miscarriage and abortion. A psychoanalytic perspective. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 71, 301-307.

Pines, D. (1993). A woman`s unconscious use of her body. London: Virago.

Potts, M., & Masho, S. W. (1995). Sterilization, contraception and abortion: Global issues for women. Sexual and Marital Therapy, 10 (2), 135-147.

Robbins, J., & DeLamater, J. (1985). Support from significant others and loneliness following induced abortion. Social Psychiatry, 20, 92-99.

Rosenberg, M. (1979). Conceiving the self. New York: Basic Books.

Russo, N. F., & Zierk, K. L. (1992). Abortion, childbearing, and women`s well-being. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 23 (4), 269-280.

Seligman, M. E. P. (1975). Helplessness: On depression, development and death. San Francisco: WHF Freeman.

Shain, R. N. (1986). A cross-cultural history of abortion. Clinics in Obstetrics and Ginaecology, 13 (1), 1-17.

Shavelson, R. J., & Bolus, R. (1982). Self-concept: The inter-play of theory and methods. Journal Educational Psychology, 74 (1), 3-17.

Smetana, J. G., & Adler, N. E. (1979). Decision-making regarding abortion: A value x expectancy analysis. Journal of Population: Behavioral, Social and Environmental Issues, 2, 348-357.

Sousa, A. B. (1992). Relações entre auto-percepção, interesses e resultados escolares. Tese de Mestrado, Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisboa.

Torcato, M. (1996). Estudo do auto-conceito na infertilidade masculina. Monografia de licenciatura em Psicologia Clínica. Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisboa.

Turrel, S. C., Armsworth, M. W., & Gaa, J. P. (1990). Emotional response to abortion: A critical review of the literature. Women & Therapy, 9 (4), 49-67.

Vaz Serra, A. (1986a). A importância do auto-conceito. Psiquiatria Clínica, 7 (2), 57-66. Vaz Serra, A. (1986b). O inventário clínico do autoconceito. Psiquiatria Clínica, 7 (2), 67-84. Vaz Serra, A. (1988a). Atribuição e auto-conceito. Psiquiatria Clínica, 1, 127-141. Vaz Serra, A. (1988b). O auto-conceito. Análise Psicológica, 6 (2), 101-110.

Wasielewski, P. L. (1992). Post-abortion Syndrome: Emotional battles over interaction and ideology. Humboldt Journal of Social Relations, 18 (2), 100-129.


(*) Psicóloga Clínica. Estagiária na Maternidade Dr. Alfredo da Costa, Lisboa.

(**) Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisboa.

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License