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Análise Psicológica

versão impressa ISSN 0870-8231

Aná. Psicológica v.16 n.1 Lisboa mar. 1998

 

Um bebé diferente (*)

 

Júlia Serpa Pimentel (**)

RESUMO

Após uma breve revisão dos trabalhos sobre interacção mãe-bebé e de estudos sobre a influência que os sentimentos, atitudes e expectativas maternas têm no processo interactivo, apresenta-se neste artigo a investigação desenvolvida, numa perspectiva longitudinal, com 12 díades durante o 1.º ano de vida: quatro mães com bebés normais, três mães com bebés em situação de risco por terem nascido prematuramente e cinco mães com bebés com síndrome de Down.

Evidenciamos as características específicas de cada díade, quer relativamente ao desenvolvimento do bebé quer à dinâmica interactiva, sentimentos maternos e processo de adaptação da mãe ao bebé, aspectos fundamentais para o desenvolvimento de adequados pro-gramas de intervenção precoce.

Palavras-chave: Interacção mãe-bebé, síndrome de Down, intervenção precoce.

 

ABSTRACT

The paper begins with a brief overview on the recent works on mother-infant interaction and on other studies analysing the influence of maternal attitudes, feelings and expectations on the interactive process with their infants. We present a longitudinal study with twelve diads, during the first year of life: four mothers and their normal infants, three mothers and their pre-term babies and five mothers and their Down Syndrome infants.

We enphasise the specific characteristics of each diad in all the aspects we have studied - infant development, mother-infant interaction, maternal feelings and mother-infant adaptation process. We believe that the individual analysis of these aspects is of enormous importance for the devellopment of early intervention programs for infants and children with special needs and their families.

Key words: Mother-infant interaction, Down syndrome, early intervention.

 

 

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(*) Este artigo resume a investigação feita no âmbito da Dissertação de Mestrado em Psicologia Educacional, apresentada, em 1996, no Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, sob o título «Um bebé diferente: da individualidade da interacção à especificidade da intervenção».

(**) Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisboa.

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