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Análise Psicológica

versão impressa ISSN 0870-8231

Aná. Psicológica v.16 n.1 Lisboa mar. 1998

 

Psicologia pediátrica: Do comportamento à saúde infantil (*)

 

Victor Viana (**)

J. Paulo Almeida (**)

 

 

RESUMO

Os autores começam por caracterizar de forma sucinta a psicologia da saúde, realçando o papel do comportamento na saúde e na doença. Em seguida, são apresentados aspectos característicos da intervenção psicológica no âmbito da saúde da criança, denominada desde há alguns anos como psicologia pediátrica. Esta é definida e caracterizada como uma prática psicológica nos serviços médicos de crianças, cujos objectivos são contribuir para a promoção da saúde e prevenção da doença na criança, colaborar no tratamento, recuperação e apoio à criança doente, apoio à família, e participar na investigação aplicada dos factores psicossociais associados à saúde e à doença.

É descrita a orientação predominante e objectivos da intervenção psicológica realizada pelos autores, no serviço pediátrico em que estão integrados desde há alguns anos.

Finalmente é apresentada uma referência crítica e breve à legislação, recentemente publicada no nosso país, que enquadra os psicólogos que trabalham na saúde na carreira dos técnicos superiores de saúde, regulamentando o papel e funções, e a formação destes.

Palavras-Chave: Comportamento e saúde, promoção da saúde e prevenção, psicologia pediátrica, psicologia da saúde infantil.

 

ABSTRACT

The authors caracterize the pediatric psychology witch is defined as a psychology applied to children's medical context, and conceptualized as a health psychology and different from the clinic psychology.

Some aspects of the psychological intervention in this context are discribed such as prevention and promotion of children's health, intervention in children's illness and family, and research directions in the field.

Some relevant aspects of the psychological intervention in a portuguese pediatric service are discribed. Recente portuguese legislation about health psychologist's role definition and trainning is analised.

Key words: Behavior and health, health promotion and prevention, pediatric psychology, infant health psychology.

 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text only available in PDF format.

 

 

 

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(*) Toda a correspondência relativamente a este artigo deve ser enviada para Victor Viana, Hospital de S. João, Departamento de Pediatria, Alameda Prof.Hernâni Monteiro, 4200 Porto.

(**) Psicólogos da Unidade de Psicologia do Departamento de Pediatria do Hospital S. João - Porto.

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