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Portuguese Journal of Public Health

versão impressa ISSN 2504-3137versão On-line ISSN 2504-3145

Resumo

GONCALVES, Jorge Manuel; GOMES, Marta Castilho; CARVALHO, Luís  e  EZEQUIEL, Sofia. Functional Disabilities and Suburban Environment: Proposal of a Typology for a Difficult Relationship. Port J Public Health [online]. 2017, vol.35, n.2, pp.84-100. ISSN 2504-3137.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000477651.

Introduction: In this article, the unequal distribution of individuals with functional disabilities linked to hearing, vision, and walking in the suburban area of Lisbon was studied. Methods: The relationship between variables and territorial units resulted in a typology that helps differentiate these territories and, finally, allowed the creation of a map of the suburbs that correlates episodes of functional disability and urbanism in the troubled areas. Results: From the 40 variables collected, only 8 were able to describe the reality of the 26 parishes that present a risk rate well above the average concentration of people with functional difficulties. These parishes are asymmetrically distributed: 10 in the north and 16 in the south of the metropolitan area. The methodology of cluster analysis allowed differentiating these parishes into 4 different types: polarizer and aging; disqualified and residential; old and rural; less accessible and diverse. Conclusion: We consider that the results obtained from the developed research may contribute to further the knowledge of the effects of urbanism as a factor in promoting or inhibiting the integration of people with functional disabilities, and thus in the design of more appropriate, effective but also differentiated urban policies aimed at the social and urban inclusion of these individuals.

Palavras-chave : Suburbs; Functional disabilities; Urbanism; Urban planning.

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