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GE-Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology

Print version ISSN 2341-4545

Abstract

ALVARENGA, Ana et al. Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome: Weight Loss Can Be a Problem, Weight Gain Can Be a Solution. GE Port J Gastroenterol [online]. 2017, vol.24, n.1, pp.43-46. ISSN 2341-4545.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000450898.

Introduction: Superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) is a rare acquired disorder, which in the present case had an acute and unusual way of presentation. Case Report: We present a 17-year-old female with nausea, vomiting, and intense epigastric pain. In the previous 6 months, she had lost 42% of her body weight. The echography showed a distended stomach that reached the pelvis, and the nasogastric tube that was placed drained 2,000 mL. A computed tomography scan confirmed the SMAS diagnosis. She started a hypercaloric fractionated meal diet, prokinetics, and postural measures. After the 1-year follow-up the patient is asymptomatic. Conclusion: This acute presentation is rare but lifethreatening due to the possibility of gastric rupture. Medical management is possible in the majority of cases, and surgery is needed only in the refractory ones.

Keywords : Adolescents; Diet; Superior mesenteric artery syndrome; Weight gain; Weight loss.

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