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Da Investigação às Práticas

On-line version ISSN 2182-1372

Abstract

VELOSO, Catarina et al. Comparing fathers and male educators interactive behavior and communication with pre-school children. Invest. Práticas [online]. 2018, vol.8, n.1, pp.94-116. ISSN 2182-1372.  http://dx.doi.org/10.25757/invep.v8i1.118.

The previous research about the quality of interactions, communication and activity among children and adults has essentially been developed with female figures, continuing to clarify the role of men as affective figures and in promoting child development and welfare. The aim of this study is to compare male educators and fathers’ behavior with children between 3 and 5 years without developing problems. In this study, 10 male educators (with a girl and a boy) and 17 fathers (with the infant) have been observed independently in the same semi-experimental play situation. For this purpose, they were asked to manufacture a product of their choice with the materials and tools available, in 20 minutes. This study aims are to: i) describe and compare products made by fathers and male educators, as well as the choice of materials; ii) compare the interactive behavior of male and female educators regarding empathy, ability to challenge the child, dialogical interaction, communication contends and cooperativity with child; and iii) the quality of communication. Our findings indicate differences in the way male educators and fathers communicate and interact with children. Comparing with parents, children work with more autonomy, elaborated products with less elements (mostly subjects), and used less tools with educators. Furthermore, fathers made more process questions and positive comments while educators made more content questions, suggestions and negative remarks. Taking past studies, we reflect about the roles of male figures in childhood education and fathers contribution to the child development.

Keywords : Early Childhood Education; Parenthood; Interactive Quality; Verbal Communication.

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