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Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental

versão impressa ISSN 1647-2160

Resumo

FARIA, Sara; QUEIROS, Cristina; BORGES, Elisabete  e  ABREU, Margarida. Nurses' mental health: Contributions of burnout and job engagement. Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental [online]. 2019, n.22, pp.09-18. ISSN 1647-2160.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19131/rpesm.0258.

BACKGROUND: The new professional and labour demands in nursing are risk factors for nurses' mental health, having as individual consequences burnout and job disengagement, as well as, at the organizational level, the quality of care provided. AIM: To identify the levels of burnout and engagement in a sample of nurses, its interrelationships and its variation according sociodemographic/labour characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive and correlational study was developed under the project INT-SO "From work contexts to nursing professionals' occupational health. We applied Portuguese versions of Maslach Burnout Inventory and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, and a questionnaire to demographic/labour characterization to 346 nurses in Porto district, with anonymous and volunteer participation. RESULTS: We found high levels of engagement, moderate emotional exhaustion and low depersonalization, having 54% of nurses a low level of burnout, 36% a moderate and 9% a high level. Burnout decreases with age and job experience, it is associated with rotating shifts, working in hospitals, has negative correlation with the engagement, and predicts more strongly engagement (between 19,6 and 39,6%) than the reverse (between 7,5 and 37,9%). CONCLUSIONS: The existence of 9% of nurses in burnout confirms this group as at risk of the psychologic sickness. The results point to the importance nurses' mental health of in the context of work, strengthening the prevention of burnout and valuing the positive mental health expressed in the dimensions of engagement nurses' dedication and vigour.

Palavras-chave : Mental health; Burnout; Psychological phenomena; Nurses.

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