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Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental

Print version ISSN 1647-2160

Abstract

OLIVEIRA, Elias Barbosa de; SANTOS, Michele Borges dos  and  GUERRA, Olivia de Andrade. Work as a strategy of psychosocial reinsertion of the dependent chemist from the perspective of the family . Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental [online]. 2019, n.21, pp.23-30. ISSN 1647-2160.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19131/rpesm.0234.

BACKGROUND: The stigma of chemical dependence and relapses are factors that hinder the insertion of the individual in the labor market. AIM: To analyze the family's understanding of work as a strategy of psychosocial reinsertion of the chemical dependent. METHOD:Descriptive qualitative study. The semi-structured interview was used through a script and in the data treatment the content analysis. Ten families from a psychiatric inpatient unit of a public university hospital located in the city of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), in 2015, participated in the study. RESULTS: In the family view, work is an effective strategy for the psychosocial reinsertion of the chemical dependent, because through him the person exercises his creativity and autonomy. However, relapse affects performance due to absences, delays and conflicts at work, culminating in unemployment, and financial, emotional and social overload of the family. The low autonomy of the chemical dependents and drug spending provide an environment of conflicts and tensions in the family environment, causing the codependency of the family. CONCLUSIONS: The relapses of the chemical dependents and the difficulties of insertion in the work lead to emotional, social and financial overload on the family, requiring preventive and therapeutic actions with the group by the mental health services.

Keywords : Family relations; Alcoholic beverage; Mental health; Worker's health.

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