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Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental

Print version ISSN 1647-2160


SILVA, Aline Conceição  and  BOTTI, Nadja Cristiane Lappann. Self-injurious behavior along the vital cycle: Integrative literature review. Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental [online]. 2017, n.18, pp.67-76. ISSN 1647-2160.

BACKGROUND: Deliberate self-injurious behavior is characterized by intentional self-harm behavior and no conscious intention of suicide. It permeates the entire life cycle, being more prevalent in adolescence, especially in females. The phenomenon is related to poorly elaborated adaptive mechanisms and other life circumstances. AIM: To identify in the scientific literature the factors associated with deliberate self - injurious behavior in the life cycle. METHODS: An integrative review of the literature was carried out, and the Virtual Health Library was used as a database. Self harm and risk factor were used as the search terms, and 173 articles were found. According to inclusion criteria, 23 articles were eligible to be included in the study. RESULTS: After reading and critically analyzing the articles, two categories of analysis emerged: polysemic concept of self-mutilation and self-mutilation throughout the life cycle. There were several terms on the phenomenon and several definitions. Regarding the risk factors for self-injurious behavior, generalities were identified in the life cycle, as well as specific factors for each stage. Furthermore, it was observed the need for studies on the protective factors present in self-mutilation. CONCLUSION: Knowledge about risk factors helps professionals and scholars to identify and manage cases and future studies on self-mutilation.

Keywords : Self-mutilation; Risk factor; Life Cycle.

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