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Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental

Print version ISSN 1647-2160

Abstract

SOUZA, Luís Paulo Souza e et al. Prevalence of common mental disorders in adults in the context of Primary Health Care. Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental [online]. 2017, n.18, pp.59-66. ISSN 1647-2160.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19131/rpesm.0193.

BACKGROUND: The common mental disorders (CMD) cover symptoms of fatigue, forgetfulness, irritability, concentration difficulties, somatic complaints and feelings of worthlessness. Has been observed high prevalence of these diseases in adults in adults in the context of Primary Health Care, being considered one of the biggest health problems in the world. AIM: Estimate the prevalence and factors associated with CMD in adults assisted by a team from the Family Health Strategy in Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study and analytical, performing in the year 2016, with a random sample of 297 adults. For data collection, we used the questionnaire Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20), as well as socio-demographic information on living conditions and health. For presence of CMD, cut-off score equal to or greater than 7 for men and women. Associations between the CMD with interest variables were tested, through univariate analysis (Chi-square), with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: The prevalence of CMD was 23.2%. The prevalence of the event was significantly higher in female adults, in stable, with 0 to 4 years of study, that made use of controlled drug, and that reported prior diagnosis or confirmed of CMD individual or in the family. CONCLUSIONS: The results presented show that the associated features are likely to be investigated and followed up in clinical practice. Highlights the need for qualification of Primary Health Care professionals, aimed at the detection and reception of the people with CMD, focusing on a comprehensive assistance and involving the family.

Keywords : Mental disorders; Primary health care; Mental health assistance.

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