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Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental

Print version ISSN 1647-2160

Abstract

LIMA, Alyne Fernanda Torres de; COELHO, Vanessa Maria da Silva  and  CEBALLOS, Albanita Gomes da Costa de. Violence at school and common mental disorders in teachers. Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental [online]. 2017, n.18, pp.31-36. ISSN 1647-2160.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19131/rpesm.0189.

BACKGROOUND: The violence that reaches the school weakens the teachers and can trigger problems of physical and mental health in these professionals. AIM: To analyze the association between violence in school and Common Mental Disorders (CMD) in teachers. METHODS: Exploratory cross-sectional study, in which 525 teachers from Public School Schools participated in a city in the Metropolitan Region of Recife (RMR) - Pernambuco. Were collected through an interview with the teachers, who answered a self-administered questionnaire containing questions regarding sociodemographic aspects, professional activity, working environment conditions, school violence and health. Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) was applied for TMC evaluation. RESULTS:  525 teachers were investigated. The CMD prevalence was 37,1%. Was found that physical aggression and verbal aggression against the teacher, aggression or threat with a firearm or white weapon, drug trafficking and consumption in school are associated with the presence of CMD. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: At the same time that it is necessary to invest in the promotion of mental health and in the training of teachers to confront and prevent violence through security measures, it is necessary to intervene in the social context in which the school is inserted. In order to do so, it is necessary to give visibility to the problem by increasing the scientific and social debate.

Keywords : Mental disorders; Violence; Occupational health.

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