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Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental

versão impressa ISSN 1647-2160

Resumo

SILVA, Silmar Maria da et al. Relationship between resilience and burnout: Mental and occupational health promotion among nurses. Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental [online]. 2016, n.16, pp.41-48. ISSN 1647-2160.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19131/rpesm.0156.

INTRODUCTION: Nurses work in stressful contexts, which affect them and the organizations. However, resilience can be a protective factor. AIM: To know Resilience and Burnout levels among nurses, their variation according sociodemographic and professional characteristics, and the relationship between these variables, in order to verify if resilience can help to promote nurses’ mental and occupational health. METHODS: Questionnaire about sociodemographic and professional data, Resilience Scale and Maslach Burnout Inventory (HSS). Participated anonymously and voluntary 200 nurses of public hospitals from the metropolitan area of Oporto, being 70% female, 82% graduated, 76% with a definitive contract, 80% working in rotating shift. They have an average of 10.6 years of professional experience, and 6.6 years of time at the current institution. RESULTS: We found moderate levels of emotional exhaustion, low values of depersonalization and high values of personal achievement and resilience. There are negative correlations between emotional exhaustion and resilience, and positive correlations between personal achievement and resilience. Comparative analysis showed that only work shifts present significant differences in depersonalization, with higher values among nurses with rotated work shifts. Resilience explains negatively 8% of emotional exhaustion and positively 26% of personal achievement. Only 5% of the participants present high Burnout levels and only 12% present reduced resilience levels.  CONCLUSION: Resilience can help to reduce the nurses’ vulnerability to Burnout, since high resilience is related with less stress, protecting from Burnout. Results alerts for Burnout prevention, particularly related with work shifts.

Palavras-chave : Occupational health; Nursing; Burnout; Resilience.

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