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Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental

versión impresa ISSN 1647-2160

Resumen

QUERIDO, Ana  y  DIXE, Maria dos Anjos. Hope in mental health: An integrative literature review. Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental [online]. 2016, n.spe3, pp.95-101. ISSN 1647-2160.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19131/rpesm.0124.

BACKGROUND:Hope is an important determinant of mental health, recognized for preventing depression and suicidal behaviour and for the major role in recovery. Scientific knowledge regarding hope in mental health is supported by the literature review conducted in 2006. The state of the art of hope in mental health is unknown since then. AIM:Understand the role of hope in service users´ mental health and Identify mental health determinants in hope, by conducting an integrative review of the literature published between 2006 and 2014. METHODS:Integrative literature review using Mesh terms “hope” and “mental health” in different national and international electronic data bases. We included articles in English, Portuguese and Spanish, published 2006-2014, according to pre-defined selection criteria. RESULTS:After applying the selection, 26 publications match the criteria, mostly Anglo-Saxon, with heterogeneous populations and using different research methods. Hope has a positive influence on people’s mental health, increasing comfort and quality of life, reducing depression and suicide, diminish the predisposition for addiction and family burnout. There are correlations between hope and determinants of mental health. Hope determinants were identified as well as the contexts for the use of hope. CONCLUSION:The research studies reinforce the positive effect of hope in mental health. Literature provides evidence that identifies hope enhancing factors and supports thedevelopment of hope promoting strategies in mental health, emphasizing the intentional use of hope in different contexts.

Palabras clave : Hope; Mental health; Mental disorders; Literature review.

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