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Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental

Print version ISSN 1647-2160

Abstract

PACHECO, Artur Jorge Câmara  and  SANTOS, Célia Samarina Vilaça de Brito. Depression in people with heart disease: Relationship with anxiety and perceived control. Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental [online]. 2015, n.14, pp.64-71. ISSN 1647-2160.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19131/rpesm.0107.

BACKGROUND: It is now commonly accepted that factors such as anxiety and depression are favoring of negative health effects in individuals with heart disease. At the same time, it appears that the resulting emotional suffering of these factors is lower in individuals with higher levels of perceived control. OBJECTIVE: Determine the predictors of depression in people with heart disease. METHODOLOGY: Quantitative, cross-sectional, descriptive and correlational. Sample of 160 individuals with heart disease, admitted to cardiology services and units of cardiology intensive care, three hospitals in the north of Portugal. RESULTS: Individuals with higher anxiety (ß=0,383; p<0.01), lower perceived control (ß=-0,255; p<0,01), older (ß=0,218; p<0,01), widowed (ß=0,213; p<0,01), high cholesterol (ß=0,184; p<0,01) and who do not exercise (ß=-0,159; p<0,01) had higher levels depression. CONCLUSION: In view of the results obtained, it is concluded that the development of interventions that promote increased sense of control and a reduction in anxiety, can be effective in prevention of depression.

Keywords : Depression; Anxiety; Cardiovascular diseases.

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