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Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental

versión impresa ISSN 1647-2160

Resumen

AMARAL-BASTOS, Manuela; ARAUJO, Beatriz  y  CASTRO-CALDAS, Alexandre. Adaptation and Validation of Toulousiana Coping Scale for adolescents. Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental [online]. 2015, n.14, pp.55-63. ISSN 1647-2160.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19131/rpesm.0106.

BACKGROUND: The coping strategies faces to adverse events are multidimensional who articulate the behavioral, cognitive and affective fields. Knowledge of strategies used by adolescents provides information for more effective intervention. AIMS: To adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Toulousiana Coping Scale in a sample of 291 Portuguese adolescents who attend the 3rd cycle of Basic and Secondary Education, in two school groups; and analyze the influence of gender and age on strategies of coping. METHODS: We conducted a transversal study with a quantitative approach. To assess the psychometric properties of the instrument assessing the reliability and validity of results, through a factorial analysis of the principal components with Varimax rotation of the questionnaire items and the calculation of Cronbach's Alpha. We appealed also the inferential statistical analysis to study the relationship between variables. RESULTS: The Toulousiana Coping Scale has adequate psychometrics characteristics for this group of adolescents (Cronbach α .85). The study of dimensionality identified five subscales: Control, Social Support; Withdrawal, conversion and additivity; Social Distraction and Refusal. The Global Coping is on average slightly higher in boys. However, control strategies, support and social distraction are used in the same way for boys and girls. In turn, the withdrawal strategies, conversion and additivity tend to be most used by girls and the refusal by the boys. CONCLUSIONS: The Toulousiana Coping Scale it is a reliable measurement instrument and useful for nurses in order to implement care preferably proactive, personalized and directed to the problems detected in adolescents.

Palabras clave : Adolescent; Validation studies; Adaptation, psychological.

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