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Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental

versão impressa ISSN 1647-2160

Resumo

SAMPAIO, Francisco Miguel Correia. A Psicoeducação e a Sobrecarga dos Cuidadores Informais do Idoso com Demência: Análise Baseada na Evidência. Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental [online]. 2011, n.5, pp.30-36. ISSN 1647-2160.

Dementia is a neurodegenerative disease that is continuously increasing in Portuguese population as a result of birth rate diminution and increasing average life expectancy, being incontestable its repercussions to the patient and to his/ her caregivers. Psychoeducation is a Nursing intervention that comprises systemic, didactic-psychotherapeutic interventions, which are adequate for informing patients and theirs relatives about the illness and its treatment, facilitating both and understanding and personally responsible handling of the illness and supporting those afflicted in coping with the disorder. Knowing that dementia syndrome affects, indirectly, the informal caregivers, this article aims to understand if psychoeducation is an effective Nursing intervention to reduce caregivers burden. To do so, and using bibliographic review, there were reviewed three systematic reviews through an Evidence-Based Nursing model. The analysis showed that only one of the systematic reviews presented two studies that suggested psychoeducation could help to slightly reduce caregivers burden. However, the other analysed systematic reviews suggested that psychoeducation presents no efficacy, as caregivers’ burden did not decrease as a result of psychoeducation programmes. So, the intervention seems not to be effective, but there is an absence of consensus about that, being necessary to carry out more investigation in this area, mainly in national context, as there was found only one Master’s Dissertation whose conclusions were totally opposite to the conclusions found in the analysed international systematic reviews.

Palavras-chave : Burden; Psychoeducation; Caregiver; Dementia.

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