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Revista de Gestão Costeira Integrada

On-line version ISSN 1646-8872

Abstract

FONSECA, Marília; ALVES, Fátima; MACEDO, Márcio Chagas  and  AZEITEIRO, Ulisses M.. The Women Role of the Marine Artisanal Fishery: A Study of a Fishery Community of the City of Rio das Ostras, RJ, Brazil. RGCI [online]. 2016, vol.16, n.2, pp.231-241. ISSN 1646-8872.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5894/rgci593.

The Women Role of the Marine Artisanal Fishery: A Study of a Fishery Community of the City of Rio das Ostras, RJ, Brazil Fisheries, particularly artisanal, have been subject of growing interest in the scientific community. More recently, the interest about the role of fishermen, their perceptions and rationalities in relation to natural resources and ecosystem services have been integrated into the scientific agendas. In this context, the place and the role of women in fisheries and environmental preservation are relatively invisible. This study aims to contribute to this visibility at the level of marine artisanal fisheries in the small community of Rio das Ostras (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). ). This study intends to know the artisanal fishermen community of Rio das Ostras, characterizing the division of local labour as much as to understand the perceptions that men and women of this community have on the relationship between women and small-scale fishing and how this context is valued and recognized. The research was conducted using qualitative methods, based on the Grounded Theory and the principles of Participatory Rapid Assessment. Primary data were collected through observation, interviews and participatory tools, and the sample was built using snowball and theoretical technics. The data were coded, categorized and triangulated. The analysis allows us to conclude that the role of women in the fishing community of Rio das Ostras, covers the implementation of multiple activities, based on sexual division of labor. Despite the extensive daily journey devoted to productive and reproductive work, such actions are recognized merely as a "help", although it significantly contributes to the family budget. This perspective undermines the visibility of women before the local community as well as the appreciation of their social role, as much as in the environmental preservation and sustainability as well as in the social and cultural changes in the local community.

Keywords : Artisanal Fisheries; Gender; Perceptions; Invisibility.

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