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Acta Obstétrica e Ginecológica Portuguesa

versão impressa ISSN 1646-5830

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GANTE, Inês et al. Paradigm shift in hysterectomies: a retrospective comparative study. Acta Obstet Ginecol Port [online]. 2018, vol.12, n.2, pp.128-133. ISSN 1646-5830.

Overview: Despite the reduction in the rate of hysterectomies during the past years, it is still the second most common major surgical procedure performed among women. It has been common practice to counsel women who were planning hysterectomy, particularly in their mid-40s or older, to undergo concomitant bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. However, this recommendation is now being replaced by consideration of ovarian conservation with bilateral salpingectomy (BS). Aims: To describe the trends regarding hysterectomies and concomitant adnexal surgery. Study Design: Single-center retrospective comparative study. Population: Women who underwent hysterectomy (2004 versus 2014). Methods: Data were analysed using STATA 13.1. Results: The overall number of hysterectomies decreased 28.5% (n=916 versus n=656). There was a change in the pattern of indications for hysterectomy: benign pathology decreased [79.4% versus 64.5% (p<0.001)] (mainly due to uterine fibroids) with a corresponding increase in hysterectomies due to urogenital prolapse [13.7% versus 23.6% p<0.001)] and malignant pathology [7.0% versus 11.9% (p<0.01)]. Regarding the surgical approach, there was a decrease in laparotomic route (80.9% versus 57.4% (p <0.001) with an increase in the vaginal [12.6% versus 28.7% (p<0.001)] and laparoscopic routes [6.6% versus 13.9% (p<0.001)]. In women with benign pathology, the rate of bilateral adnexectomy decreased from 69.4% to 53.3% (p<0.001) and the rate of BS increased from 0.9% to 16.5% (p<0.001). There was a reduction in intraoperative complications [4.3% versus 1.8% (p=0.006)], immediate postoperative complications [11.6% versus 7.0% (p=0.003)] and duration of hospitalizations [5.6±3.0 versus 4.1±2.4 days (p<0.001)]. Conclusion: The rate of hysterectomies decreased in the last decade, mainly due to the reduction in hysterectomies for uterine fibroids. We verified a significant shift towards ovarian conservation with increasingly concomitant BS. Considering ovarian carcinogenesis, the increase in prophylactic BS may have future impact on the reduction of ovarian cancer.

Palavras-chave : Hysterectomy; Prophylactic salpingectomy; Bilateral ovariectomy; Ovarian conservation.

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