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Acta Obstétrica e Ginecológica Portuguesa

versão impressa ISSN 1646-5830

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CAEIRO, Filipa et al. Total laparoscopic hysterectomy: the first 300 surgeries of a new Obstetric and Gynecology Department. Acta Obstet Ginecol Port [online]. 2017, vol.11, n.4, pp.256-263. ISSN 1646-5830.

Laparoscopic and vaginal routes are the preferable routes to consider when planning a hysterectomy. Laparoscopy brings advantages to vaginal route when there are concomitant adnexal masses, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease or previous abdominal surgeries. However, the learning curve in laparoscopy is slower and the surgery itself is, consequently, very dependent on the surgeon's experience. In this article, the authors review the first 300 total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) surgeries in a new Obstetric/Gynecology Department. A retrospective analysis to clinical files of patients submitted to TLH between January 2013 and February 2016. Data was divided in 2 groups: group A, corresponding to the first 150 HTL and group B, with the 150 subsequent HTL. The results showed 2 similar groups, with median ages of 51 years old, with 27 median corporeal mass index, with 41% of the patients having previous abdominal surgeries. The main surgical indication was anomalous uterine bleeding secondary to mioma/adenomyosis (53%), and 309 concomitant surgeries were performed during surgical time (the majority in the adnexal area, 84%). Globally the intra-operatory and post-operatory complications rate was 1% and 2.3%, respectively, and most occurred in group A. The conversion rate to laparotomy or vaginal assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy was low (2.3%), and was only verified in group A, with statistic significance (p-value - 0.024). The blood loss volume was also statiscally different between the 2 groups (p-value < 0.001), with less volume blood loss in group B. The average uterine weight was similar in the 2 groups, with 187 and 168 grams, and the average surgical time was 155 and 148 minutes, which included the concomitant surgeries. In conclusions, despite the small number of cases, our study seems to show a tendency towards decrease in complications rate, conversion rate and blood loss, probably due to increased experience of the surgeons

Palavras-chave : Histerectomy; Laparoscopy; Complications.

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