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Revista Portuguesa de Ortopedia e Traumatologia

Print version ISSN 1646-2122


PINHEIRO, Ana  and  SOUSA, Cristina Varino. Lesão do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior. Rev. Port. Ortop. Traum. [online]. 2015, vol.23, n.4, pp.320-329. ISSN 1646-2122.

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is one of the most common knee ligament injuries, then ACL reconstruction be one of the most frequently performed surgeries. The diagnosis is based on history and clinical examination of the knee. The ACL injuries occur predominantly in young and active individuals, especially during physical activity. Women are more affected than men. The ACL injury by indirect mechanism occurs through a complex interaction of multiple risk factors: environmental, anatomical, hormonal, neuromuscular and family. The natural evolution of ACL injury is not completely deciphered and it is believed that the anterior instability can progress to degenerative disease. Treatment of ACL injuries depends on the type of injury. This study focused on literature review of ACL injury in order to acquire the latest knowledge in the various dimensions of this disease, particularly in terms of epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment. Research was carried out in the database Pubmed / Medline with the words “Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury” and “ACL Injury Treatment”, especially selecting articles published in the last 15 years and in English, including original and review articles.

Keywords : Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury; ACL Injury Treatment; ACL Reconstruction.

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