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Motricidade

versão impressa ISSN 1646-107X

Resumo

ALVES, Susana Mendes et al. Kinesics and Proxemics Communication of Expert and Novice Group Resistance Fitness Instructors:: T-patterns Detection. Motri. [online]. 2015, vol.11, n.4, pp.47-57. ISSN 1646-107X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6063/motricidade.3817.

The present study focuses on the analyses of the fitness instructors’ non-verbal communication using the observational methodology and it aims the analysis of the configuration and temporal pattern (T-patterns) of kinesics and proxemics behaviour, considering different levels of professional experience. 12 fitness instructors participate in this study, divided in two groups accordingly with their professional experience: expert group (n = 6); novice group (n = 6). The exercise classes were videotaped and fitness instructors’ behaviours coded using the Observational System for the Kinesics Communication of the Fitness Instructor (SOCIN-Fitness) and the Observational System for the Proxemics Communication of the Fitness Instructor (SOPROX-Fitness). The results revealed the existence of kinesics and proxemics temporal patterns of communication distinct for each group of instructors. It was possible to verify that expert instructors have a more consistence and complex kinesics and proxemics behaviour than the novices, which was characterized by the regulation of exerciser´s behaviour, throughout their participation in exercise from a correspondent position, and the intercalation of behaviours to inform and give feedback, using more diverse morphologies of gestures.

Palavras-chave : non-verbal communication; observational methodology; fitness.

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