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e-Journal of Portuguese History

versão On-line ISSN 1645-6432


VANNESTE, Tijl. Money Borrowing, Gold Smuggling and Diamond Mining: An Englishman in Pombaline Circles. e-JPH [online]. 2015, vol.13, n.2, pp.80-94. ISSN 1645-6432.

This article sets out to investigate the nature and consequences of the personal relationship between the English parliamentarian, contrabandist, and diamond trader John Bristow and the Portuguese envoy in London and Secretary of State Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo. A micro-historical enquiry of this relationship can clarify a number of key elements in the eighteenth-century Pombaline reforms. It shows that these policies were influenced by personal connections and pragmatic considerations, perhaps as much as they were by the prevailing mercantilist ideas and macro-economic circumstances

Palavras-chave : Economic History; Contraband Trade; Diamonds; Anglo-Portuguese Relations; Pombal.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Inglês     · Inglês ( pdf )


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