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Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

versión impresa ISSN 1645-0086

Resumen

SOUZA, Flávia; MENDES, Adriana; BENNEMANN, Rose  y  MILANI, Rute. Cognitive training for elderly groups: a systematic review. Psic., Saúde & Doenças [online]. 2019, vol.20, n.2, pp.503-511. ISSN 1645-0086.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15309/19psd200218.

Studies indicate that the aging process is often associated with cognitive decline and that cognitive stimulation can improve and maintain the performance of cognitive abilities in the elderly. Objective: This systematic review aimed to identify the delineations, procedures and results of the studies that investigated the strategies of cognitive stimulation in the elderly. Method: a literature search was performed in the databases SciELO, LILACS, PsycINFO and PsycARTICLES using the descriptors "cognitive stimulation" OR "memory training" AND "elderly" in English, Portuguese and Spanish. Results: articles published in the last ten years were analyzed. Concerning the length and duration of training, the number of meetings with participants ranged from 4 to 24 sessions, and 69.23% of the studies opted for sessions of one hour and thirty minutes or more. Likewise, most (n = 17) used the multimodal format. Regarding the sample size, 10 studies had samples greater than 50 participants (38.46%). One limitation identified was the scarcity of standardization of the results in the articles selected, which made it difficult to analyze and compare the investigations. Conclusion: In addition to cognitive functions, interventions improve mood and socialization of the participants, contributing to the autonomy and quality of life of the elderly.

Palabras clave : aging; intervention; cognitive training.

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