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Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

versión impresa ISSN 1645-0086

Resumen

GRADE, Cláubia; GROSS, Carolina Baldissera  y  UBESSI, Liamara Denise. Transsexuality pathologization from a integrative review. Psic., Saúde & Doenças [online]. 2019, vol.20, n.2, pp.435-451. ISSN 1645-0086.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15309/19psd200213.

Today, much is talked about gender, mainly due to the progress made in society as a result of the Feminist and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transvestite, Transgender, Queer, Intersex (LGBTTQI) movements in the struggle for equality and human rights and social. This study aims to present what has been published in the scientific literature on the pathologization of transsexuality. For that, an integrative review was performed on the Scielo, Lilacs and Medline databases, using the keyword 'pathologization'. Ninety seven items were found. Applied the inclusion and exclusion criteria, twelve remained about the subject in question, published in the period from 2013 to 2017. The results were systematized in four analytical categories: Creating diagnoses, say, power devices; Medicine: assistance or stigmatization?; Resistance to pathologization; Importance of social support. Studies have shown that health diagnoses end up regulating what is normal and abnormal, reinforcing socially established power relations. Also, it was verified that the association between pathology and therapeutics to access corporal modifications facilitates the reinforcement of stigma in relation to transgender people. Finally, the importance of resisting the pathologization of life and support networks in this process was emphasized, so that trans people, who are often victims of prejudice and violence, are respected and can live with dignity.

Palabras clave : pathologization; transsexuality; body trans.

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