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Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

versión impresa ISSN 1645-0086

Resumen

MOURA, Gabrielle et al. Prevalence and factors associated with burnout syndrome among university students: a literature review. Psic., Saúde & Doenças [online]. 2019, vol.20, n.2, pp.300-318. ISSN 1645-0086.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15309/19psd200203.

This study aimed to identify the prevalences and factors associated with Burnout Syndrome (SB) among university students, based on the analysis of the publications. Methods: This is a review of the literature, conducted in January 2018, in the LILACS, MEDLINE and SciELO databases. Articles published between 2006 and 2017 were considered in Portuguese, English or Spanish. 15 articles were included in this study, most of which were conducted in Brazil and published in 2012. The overall prevalence of SB varied from 2.5% to 57.2%. Among the dimensions, the prevalence ranged from 30.43% to 67% for emotional exhaustion; 41.4% to 68.9% for disbelief or cynicism; 17.3% to 45.7% for professional effectiveness. Among the associated factors were: sex, age, type of housing, lack of leisure time, enrollment in a greater number of subjects, dissatisfaction with the course, advanced semesters, consumption of medications due to studies. The associated factors were, for the most part, involved with issues directly related to academic life. Considering university students as an important group within the context of occupational health is very important, since the onset of Burnout can occur in the academic period and persist in working life.

Palabras clave : burnout; college students; students; professional exhaustion.

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