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Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

Print version ISSN 1645-0086


DUARTE, Nietsnie et al. Intelligence and diabetes mellitus type 1. Psic., Saúde & Doenças [online]. 2017, vol.18, n.2, pp.462-473. ISSN 1645-0086.

The aim of this study is to evaluate the intellectual capacity of children with DM1. We considered the clinical variables: onset of disease and exposure to episodes of severe hypoglycemia. The WISC-III was used for evaluating the intellectual abilities of the participants. 20 children with DM1, of both sexes and aged six to nine years, participated in the study. We carried out the descriptive and inferential analysis of the data. We observed that 80% of the participants had a global performance classified within the normal intelligence range. Considering the four Index Scores, we observed that the children with DM1 obtained their lowest scores on the Perceptual Organization Index. Regarding the possible influence of clinical variables, this study found significant statistical differences between children with early onset of DM1 and late onset in subtests of the WISC-III. These data suggest that DM1 is causally related to alterations in cognitive functioning, especially in cases of early beginning of the disease.

Keywords : diabetes mellitus type 1; intelligence; child development.

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