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Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

Print version ISSN 1645-0086

Abstract

BONAFE, Fernanda Salloume Sampaio; CARVALHO, Jéssica de Souza  and  CAMPOS, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini. Depression, anxiety and stress and the relationship with the medicine consumption. Psic., Saúde & Doenças [online]. 2016, vol.17, n.2, pp.105-119. ISSN 1645-0086.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15309/16psd170201.

Depression, Anxiety and Stress levels has been high in normative and clinical population samples as well as the consumption of medicines and self-medication. The aim of this study was to estimate the consumption of medicine, practice of self-medication and the level of Depression, Anxiety and Stress among dental patients and its relationship with demographic variables. The individuals (n=209 adults; 84.7% women; age: 38.66 ±11.06 years) who sought dental care at Araraquara Dentistry School participated in the study. The Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) was used. The psychometric properties of the DASS-21 by confirmatory factor analysis (c2/df, CFI, TLI and RMSEA). The scores of Depression, Anxiety and Stress were computed. The association between consumption of medicine and self-medication according to demographic variables was performed using the chi-square test. To compare the mean scores of Depression, Anxiety and Stress according to variables of interest was performed analysis of variance (ANOVA). The DASS-21 presented adequate validity and reliability (c2/df=2.362-2.740; CFI=0.98-0.99; TLI=0.97-0.99; RMSEA=0.078-0.091; AVE=0.543-0.726; a=0.846-0.922; CR=0.892-0.948). There was a high prevalence of consumption of medicines and self-medication. Individuals aged 51-60 years, with low educational and economic level C consumed more medicine. The practice of self-medication was lower among those aged 51-60 years. The Depression, Anxiety and Stress were higher among those who consumed antidepressants, anxiolytics, analgesics and muscle relaxants more often. It was concluded that the consumption of medicine and practice of self-medication were associated with demographic characteristics and major DASS-21 scores were found among individuals who consumed of medicine recently.

Keywords : Depression; Anxiety; Stress Psychological; Pharmaceutical Preparations; Self-medication; Scales.

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