SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.17 issue1Body image and quality of life in pediatric obesityCognitive improvement during the test tap in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

Print version ISSN 1645-0086


CHALO, Paulo; PEREIRA, Anabela; SANCHO, Luís  and  MATEUS, Helena. Biofeedback and anxiety in higher education: comparison of two brief intervention programs. Psic., Saúde & Doenças [online]. 2016, vol.17, n.1, pp.60-66. ISSN 1645-0086.

This study follows Biofeedback (BFB) efficacy in higher education student’s levels of anxiety research. Looking for easy access, short duration programs, we tried to compare two brief programs, with 5 and 8 sessions of BFB. 32 1st year students with high State-Trait Anxiety Index (STAI-Y2) values. Using Biofeedback 2000 x-pert, one group (n=11) underwent 8 sessions, another (n=9) did 5 and a third group (n=12) underwent no intervention. Results were compared at the end. A significant reduction of STAI Y-2 values was observed on both BFB groups (p=0.05 in the 5 session group, p=0.003 in the 8 session one). Significant differences were also found between the control group and the 8 BFB session group (p=0.001). These results suggest the relevance of using brief BFB programs in dealing with anxiety in Higher Education, albeit with some care considering the 5 session program. Future studies, especially in the Portuguese population, are necessary to strengthen these programs’ efficacy. Having a good cost/efficacy relationship, BFB programs appear as a valid option for intervention in anxiety.

Keywords : Biofeedback; SCL; Anxiety; Higher Education.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in Portuguese     · Portuguese ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License