SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.15 issue2Validation of the questionnaire of planned behavior on diabetes: physical activityPattern of consumption and expectations in relation to smoking among college students author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

Print version ISSN 1645-0086


GONCALVES, Cátia  and  PINHO, Maria Salomé. Vascular cognitve impairment: Controversies and challenges. Psic., Saúde & Doenças [online]. 2014, vol.15, n.2, pp.427-438. ISSN 1645-0086.

Cerebrovascular disease is the second most common cause of cognitive impairment in the elderly. Although the vascular dementia (VD) designation is widely used, there are a number of limitations related to cerebrovascular disease heterogeneity, several clinical presentations, diagnostic criteria unconformity, circularity and mixed dementia existence. The term vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) has been proposed to comprise a broad spectrum of cognitive disorders sharing a suspected vascular cause, with several degrees of severity. VCI is a frequent clinical picture and is associated with worse cognition, institutionalization and death. Emphasizing the early detection of dementia, which is believed may have prodromal symptoms, it is given an opportunity to clinic interventions such as the control of vascular risk factors. Additionally subcortical form has been indicated as a solution to identify more homogenous groups of patients with a more predicable outcome. Beside these aspects, in this paper, we discuss relationships between VD and VCI, as well as some future directions.

Keywords : vascular cognitive impairment; vascular dementia; preventable disorder.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in Portuguese     · Portuguese ( pdf )