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Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

Print version ISSN 1645-0086


RODRIGUES, Ângela  and  COSTA, Eleonora Veiga. Locus of control, self-efficacy and quality of life in diabetes type 1. Psic., Saúde & Doenças [online]. 2013, vol.14, n.3, pp.389-404. ISSN 1645-0086.

This study examined the relationship between locus of control and self-efficacy in a group of children and adolescents with respect to their adherence to treatment against type 1 diabetes and their general quality of life. The study is of correlational nature and uses a convenience sample of 40 children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes who were recruited at the Pediatric Diabetes Consultation of the Alto Ave Hospital Center. The instruments used were: The Socio-demographic and Clinical Questionnaire; Children Health Locus of Control; Self-efficacy Diabetes Scale; Diabetes Self-care Questionnaire and The Quality of Life and Diabetes Questionnaire. We used biochemical analysis of glycosylated hemoglobin. The main results indicate the influence of the locus of control in self-care and in some quality-of-life components. The self-efficacy does not have a statistically significant influence on therapeutic adherence but is connected to some components of quality of life. The results also show a significant correlation between therapeutic adherence and several components of quality of life.

Keywords : Diabetes; locus of control; self-efficacy; treatment adherence; quality of life.

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