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Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

Print version ISSN 1645-0086


GASPAR, Tania et al. Sexual behaviour, knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS in migrant adolescents. Psic., Saúde & Doenças [online]. 2006, vol.7, n.2, pp.299-316. ISSN 1645-0086.

The present study pretend to characterized and highlight the risk factors and protective factors on sexual behaviour, knowledge and attitudes about HIV in migrant adolescents. A mixed methodology including quantitative and qualitative methods was used. In quantitative study, was used data from a specific study included in the Portuguese study HBSC-Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children, a World Health Organization collaborative study (Currie et al., 2000; Matos et al., 2003). The survey carried out in 2004, used the research protocol of the cross-national survey based on a self completed questionnaire. A global sample of 1037 adolescents (M=15.5 years old) participated in the survey. The method that was chosen for the qualitative research was the focus group, the aim is to get closer to the migrant adolescents, professionals that work with them, and parents, their opinions, attitudes, discourse and understanding regarding sexual behaviour, knowledge and attitudes about HIV, the influence from personal and social characteristics on that behavior and identify which are their risk factors and protective factors. The qualitative analyses supported the assumption that the existence of a migrant status and social economic status is associated with adolescent sexual behaviour, knowledge and attitudes about HIV, positive health and with adolescent relations with personal and social characteristics (family, peers, school and community support) mediates the association between a migrant status and positive health. Implications of the results and directions for further research and community interventions are discussed.

Keywords : Adolescence; Focus group; Knowledge and attitudes about HIV; Multiculturalism; Sexual behaviour.

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