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Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

versão impressa ISSN 1645-0086


MONTEIRO, Maria João  e  VASCONCELOS-RAPOSO, José. Knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about HIV/AIDS: contributions for the understanding of the problem. Psic., Saúde & Doenças [online]. 2006, vol.7, n.1, pp.125-136. ISSN 1645-0086.

Recognizing that the implementation of strategies guided for the more youth has been appearing as a fundamental vector to the regression of the epidemic, the primordial main of this study consisted of evaluating the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about HIV/AIDS, of the youth of the district of Vila Real, that attend the 10th, 11th and 12th grade, and this way, to present as a contribution for the improvement of the preventive interventions. For that purpose a sample was used stratified by sex and year of education, constituted by 1.152 students, of which 480 were male and 672 female, being the average of 16 year-old ages. For the collection of data an inquiry was used structured on the basis of the recommendations of the document "Research Package on KABP −Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs and Practices", composed by 60 questions, grouped in eight thematic blocks. From the obtained results it was verified that most of the students didn’t refer sexual activity (67.7%). Of the students that mentioned to have already had sexual relationships, 49.3%, are male and 20.2% female. As for the number of sexual partners they had, for the feminine sex, a sexual partner prevailed, while for the masculine sex prevailed more than three sexual partners. In spite of most of the students have declared to have used condom during the sexual relationships and to have referred knowledge on this prevention method, it was of underlining that some don’t refer its use (14.5%). A global appreciation, as for the knowledge on HIV/AIDS, showed a good level of knowledge, deserving some attention the subjects related to the possibility of the identification of infected individuals through their physical aspect and the fact of the bearers of the virus really suffer from the disease, whose percentage of incorrect answers was considerable. The students of the sample revealed a low concern with the risk, with only 46.3% admitting some infection possibility, being the male students and the ones that have knowledge on AIDS that admitted a larger infection possibility on average. Most of the students referred a perception of the serious threat for the health and recognized that cure possibility doesn’t exist and that most of the people will be victims of the disease. As synthesis note we want to underline the undeniable value of the Health Promotion, in school context, as form of assuring the youths healthy development, when there are structuring principles of the process of the human beings to act and to intervene in the course of their life.

Palavras-chave : Attitudes and beliefs about HIV/AIDS; Knowledge; Youth.

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