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Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

versão impressa ISSN 1645-0086

Resumo

SANTOS, Célia Samarina Vilaça de Brito; RIBEIRO, José Pais  e  LOPES, Carlos. Adaptation study of the mental adjustment to cancer scale-partner (MAC-P). Psic., Saúde & Doenças [online]. 2006, vol.7, n.1, pp.29-55. ISSN 1645-0086.

The aim of this study is to analyse the results of the translation/cultural adaptation of The Mental Adjustment Scale to the Cancer Scale Partner (EAMC-F) and to study its psychometric properties. The original framework, called Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale-Partner (MAC-P) was developed by Watson and his collaborators with the basis of a Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale (MAC Scale), in order to evaluate the strategies of coping and the emotional reactions to the cancer illness of the partner. The original version was translated into Portuguese, replacing the words "cancer" by "illness" and "partner" by "familiar" in order to have a better acceptance in health services and a higher application in the familiar group. It was applied to a sample of 179 familiars of cancer patients with different anatomic localizations, six or nine mouths after the medical diagnosis. After a Principal Components Analysis and convergent-discriminant validity of the items, 13 items are excluded from the original scale, staying the EAMC-F with 27 items. The scale is made up of four components that describe the main styles of confrontation with the illness (Hopeless/Fatalism; Fighting Spirit; Anxious Preoccupation/Disgusting and Acceptation/Resignation). The results show that we have a reliable, valid and sensitive scale. We conclude that EAMC-F is an independent and specific framework recommended to evaluate the strategies used by the familiars of the cancer patients and their emotional answers. However, we recommend the necessity of new revalidation studies.

Palavras-chave : Adjustment; Cancer; Partner.

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