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Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

versão impressa ISSN 1645-0086

Resumo

MATOS, Margarida Gaspar de; GONCALVES, Aldina  e  GASPAR, Tania. Foreign adolescents in Portugal: a question of health. Psic., Saúde & Doenças [online]. 2004, vol.5, n.1, pp.75-85. ISSN 1645-0086.

The aim of this study was to identify the differences between health behaviours in a sample of portuguese adolescents and adolescents from african portuguese speaking adolescents, living in Portugal. Health behaviours and social and physical contexts, such as, free time activities, body image, parent's communication, violence, substance use, school, peers and future expectations were identified using a questionnaire. This paper was based on data collected during a quantitative national study Health Behaviour School Aged-Children (HBSC) (Matos, Gaspar & Equipa Aventura Social, 2003), trying to clarify this issue health behaviour in adolescence. In general african adolescents presented a worst health related condition. However, when in the analysis, socio-economic status was controlled, those differences disappear. A second study used a qualitative methodology: "focus groups" and included african adolescents from 13 to 17 years old. During the focus group, adolescents said that they spend their free time with friends, and practising sports. Most of the adolescents said that have same health problems. The school involvement is wick, and they feel that school is an insecure and discriminator place. The adolescents refer same violent acts in their neighbourhood. Their friends from the neighbourhood are very important for these adolescents. They said that they have many alterations in their family. The adolescents feel many difficulties in the acculturation process. These adolescents show a clear future project, with high expectations. Same issues were not developed by the adolescents, such as, body image, sexuality and father communication. The present study highlights the importance of using qualitative research in the clarification of special issues raised during qualitative studies, and confirms that adolescents notice ethnic differences on health behaviour and those contexts.

Palavras-chave : Adolescence; Focus group; Health behaviour; Nationality; Risk behaviour; Socio economic status.

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