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Psicologia

versão impressa ISSN 0874-2049

Resumo

NOGUEIRA, Conceição. Social constructionism, discourse and gender. Psicologia [online]. 2001, vol.15, n.1, pp.43-65. ISSN 0874-2049.

The challenges faced by psychology, and especially by social psychology, might be considered as part of the debate introduced by post modernism. In social psychology, this debate is currently organized around "social construccionism" (Gergen, 1994a; 1994b; Shotter, 1993, 1995), or even "discursive psychology" (Harre, 1995; Harr§ & Gillett, 1994; Parker, 1992; Potter & Wetherell, 1987). This article presents a review of the literature that shapes the framework of this ongoing debate. Firstly, a brief presentation of the background of those new theoretical perspectives, as well as the emergence of new realities and resources for action will be introduced. In the second part of the article, we will discuss how gender can be conceived within these new approaches, through a brief reflection over the problems raised by relativism. We will conclude by presenting the alternatives and strategies that are needed for a feminist psychology, considering the set of questions that represent stimulating challenges for the development of the debate in social psychology. In this discussion we bear in mind the political action, which is always necessary to the construction of equality between men and women.

Palavras-chave : Construcionismo social; feminismo; género.

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