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Revista de Enfermagem Referência

versión impresa ISSN 0874-0283versión On-line ISSN 2182-2883

Resumen

DIOS-AGUADO, Mercedes de et al. Nursing during the Spanish Civil War and its post-war period (1936-1949): forgetting and disabling. Rev. Enf. Ref. [online]. 2020, vol.serV, n.2, pp.e20019-e20019. ISSN 0874-0283.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12707/RV20019.

Background: The health model during the Second Spanish Republic (1931-1939) and the care practices developed by the nursing staff transformed the health conditions of the country. During the civil war (1936-1939), social and health care was unequal. Objective: Analyse the influence of health care during and after the Spanish Civil War. Methodology: Historical-descriptive research related to health care during the Civil War. Compilation of information: nursing documents, newspapers, books, laws. Interpretative analysis by dates and events of the period of study. Results: Between 1939 and 1949, the laws enacted revised the work carried out by the health workers, leading to the repression and elimination of the health workers who were alien to the prevailing political ideas, which meant a process of purification. Conclusion: The government of the Second Republic attributed importance to hygiene in the sanitary and domestic field. After the Civil War, Spain suffered from a lack of health care at both civil and military levels. During the post-war the identity of part of the nursing profession was forgotten.

Palabras clave : armed conflicts; nurses; midwifery; history of nursing; care.

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