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Revista de Enfermagem Referência

versión impresa ISSN 0874-0283versión On-line ISSN 2182-2883

Resumen

FIGUEIREDO, Ângela Maria Sousa; LOMBA, Maria de Lourdes Lopes de Freitas; LOUREIRO, Luís Manuel de Jesus  y  BACKES, Dirce Stein. Resilience in adolescents with chronic illness: the nurses' role in its promotion. Rev. Enf. Ref. [online]. 2020, vol.serV, n.2, pp.e20008-e20008. ISSN 0874-0283.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12707/RV20008.

Background: The way adolescents with chronic illness (ACI) cope with adversity is associated with their resilience potential, which is also built through the relationship established with nurses. Objectives: To identify resilience-promoting nursing interventions in ACI; to assess resilience in ACI; and to establish an association between their level of resilience and the received interventions. Methodology: An exploratory sequential mixed-methods study was conducted. First, a qualitative study was conducted with a focus group of 8 nurses from a pediatric hospital, resulting in a list of resilience-promoting nursing interventions (LIER). Then, a quantitative study was conducted where a questionnaire was applied to 32 ACI (including the Resilience Scale and the LIER obtained in the first study). Results: Nurses reported several resilience-promoting nursing interventions. In a sample of 32 ACI, the level of resilience was average and higher in the adolescents with neurological diseases and in girls. A low correlation was found between the level of resilience and the nursing interventions. Conclusion: The results should be disseminated, and increased investment should be made so that the promotion of resilience in ACI clearly results from nursing interventions.

Palabras clave : resilience, psychological; adolescent; chronic disease; nursing, practical.

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