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Revista de Enfermagem Referência

versión impresa ISSN 0874-0283

Resumen

ESGAIO, Teresa Margarida Gaspar  y  BARROSO, Tereza Maria Mendes Diniz de Andrade. Screening and brief interventions for reducing alcohol consumption in patients admitted to an emergency department. Rev. Enf. Ref. [online]. 2018, vol.serIV, n.17, pp.85-94. ISSN 0874-0283.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12707/RIV17110.

Background: Emergency departments (ED) admit the largest number of individuals presenting any type of injury directly or indirectly related to harmful alcohol consumption. A potential emergency episode may be the key moment for a change in the consumption pattern. Objectives: To evaluate the effect of brief interventions (BI) in reducing alcohol consumption to low-risk levels in patients admitted to an ED. Methodology: A pre-experimental study, with one-group pretest-posttest design, was conducted. A total of 215 interviews were performed to a non-randomized sample of 9 patients with harmful or hazardous risk consumption assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). BI were performed by a nurse with specific training. Results: Three patients were referred for consultation due to likely alcohol use disorder. At the 3-month follow-up, a statistically significant reduction in risk levels was observed (p = 0.0017). Conclusion: The results suggest a positive effect of BI in reducing alcohol consumption to low-risk levels in patients admitted to the ED.

Palabras clave : alcohol drinking; evaluation of the efficacy-effectiveness of interventions; emergency service, hospital; nursing.

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