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Revista de Enfermagem Referência

versión impresa ISSN 0874-0283

Resumen

REVELES, Anaísa Ferreira; SIMOES, Isabel Maria Henriques  y  FERREIRA, Paulo Alexandre Carvalho. Nursing consultation and control of cardiovascular risk factors in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Rev. Enf. Ref. [online]. 2018, vol.serIV, n.17, pp.33-42. ISSN 0874-0283.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12707/RIV17089.

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in Portugal and is thus a priority area of intervention. Even after a coronary event, many patients maintain cardiovascular risk (CVR) behaviors. For this reason, the nursing intervention is essential to control CVR behaviors through the teaching of healthy lifestyles and adherence to the therapeutic regimen. Objectives: To analyze the influence of a structured teaching program on body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), blood pressure (BP), capillary blood glucose (BCG), total cholesterol (TC), and the patient's understanding of their medical condition. Methodology: A quantitative, longitudinal, randomized, experimental study was conducted with a before-and-after design and a control group. Results: The CVD secondary prevention program reduced the BMI, the WC, and improved the patient's understanding of their medical condition. Conclusion: The implementation of a structured teaching program for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a good methodology to improve the control of CVR factors.

Palabras clave : nursing; cardiovascular diseases; health literacy.

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